Premium Essay

Basic Sentence Patterns

In: English and Literature

Submitted By zhairaxdallas
Words 522
Pages 3
Basic Sentence Patterns
In this lesson, you will learn the elements of a sentence. There are 5 basic sentence patterns in English. Before we start this lesson (or after class in the lab) go to these 5 websites. Click the buttons on the screen at each site to see sentences with these patterns.
The 5 Basic Patterns
Subject + Verb
(http://www.manythings.org/rs/sv.html)
I swim. Joe swims. They swam. Subject + Verb + Object
(http://www.manythings.org/rs/svo.html)
I drive a car. Joe plays the guitar. They ate dinner. Subject + Verb + Complement
(http://www.manythings.org/rs/svc.html)
I am busy. Joe became a doctor. They look sick. Subject + Verb + Indirect Object + Direct Object
(http://www.manythings.org/rs/sviodo.html)
I gave her a gift. She teaches us English.
The last pattern is for level 5 and grammar, and you will not see it in your level 4 classes, but you can look at it now if you want.
Subject + Verb + Object + Complement
(http://www.manythings.org/rs/svoc.html)
I left the door open. We elected him president. They named her Jane.

Inversion is achieved by doing the following: * Placing an adjective after the noun it qualifies e.g. the soldier strong * Placing a verb before its subject e.g. shouts the policeman * Placing a noun before its preposition e.g. worlds between
In the English language, there are inversions that are part of its grammar structure and are quite common in their use. For instance, inversion always occurs in interrogative statements where verbs or auxiliaries or helping verbs are placed before their subjects. Similarly, inversion happens in typical exclamatory sentences where objects are placed before their verbs and subjects and preceded by a wh- word, such as the following examples of inversion: * What a beautiful picture it is! * Where in the world were you! * How…...

Similar Documents

Free Essay

Writing-Topic Sentence

...ranging from grammar, mechanics, and punctuation to the complexities of clear and coherent sentence, paragraph, and essay construction. II. Objectives Upon completion of this course, students will be able to A. analyze and respond critically and logically to readings. B. correctly assimilate vocabulary into writing. C. originate and construct sentences of varying complexity. D. approach writing assignments according to a process of creating, drafting, revising, and editing. E. originate and construct clear, unified basic paragraphs and essays appropriate to assignment, audience, and purpose. F. develop paragraphs and essays using various types of organizational patterns such as narration, description, examples/ illustration. G. edit paragraphs and essays with reasonable mechanical correctness. III. Topics to be Covered A. The academic paragraph/ academic essay 1. The writing process 2. Basic paragraph/ essay structure and the topic sentence/ thesis statement (Suggested developments for paragraphs: narration, description, and/or definition; suggested developments for essays: example/illustration, comparison/contrast, division/classification) 3. Coherence 4. Developing the paragraph/ essay according to specific patterns 5. Improving the paragraph/ essay a. Consistency b. Sentence variety c. Language/ word choice 6. Proofreading/ editing 7.......

Words: 1701 - Pages: 7

Premium Essay

Basic Semantics

...one distinguish between two entities that are essentially the same functionally yet, intrinsically different? This essay is an attempt to make this distinction, by defining denotation before drawing a contrast to reference and sense respectively. A clear definition of denotation can be understood through Saussure’s (1959) explanation of the signification (concept) and signal (sound pattern). Where upon hearing the sound pattern /kəʊm/ one will be able to conceptualize a class of objects they classify as combs. The understanding of the sentence ‘the comb is broken’ depends of the listener’s knowledge of the concept of ‘comb’ as opposed to ‘brush’ and thus, “part of the meaning of the sentence depends on the sorts of extra-linguistic entities that can be referred to the lexeme” COMB (Cann, 1993, p.10). Denotation therefore is the class of objects which a word signifies. When speaking and writing one often utter phrases and expressions that are bound to a particular context and thus clearly represent what the speaker intends their interlocutor to understand. In this way a sentence such as ‘can you pass me the calendar?’ where, ‘me’ is a pronoun referring to the speaker and ‘calendar’ is a noun referring the calendar present in that time and space, gives a clear example of what linguists mean by the term reference. As Crystal (2008, p.408) puts it, “a referential expression is an expression which refer to a particular object” and thus here calendar refers to the......

Words: 2291 - Pages: 10

Premium Essay

Death Sentence

...Courts in India interpret the cases before giving the death sentence as rarest of rare cases. The Court moves its eye also for other aspects of society. The landmark cases where death sentences were awarded in India are Ranga Billa case2, Indira Gandhi and Rajiv Gandhi Assassination case, Laxman Nayak case 3 and the lastly, it was awarded to Dhananjoy Chatterjee on 14th August, 2004 in connection with Hetal Parikh case of West Bengal after the Supreme Court affirmed the death sentence awarded by lower courts and President also refused to grant him pardon. In the year 2003, Government laid a bill in the Parliament which proposed to add a provision of the punishment, like death sentence in the Drugs and Cosmetics Act as also it was |LL.B. Entrance Examination, Universal Law Publishing Co., New Delhi (2007), p.510 | |AIR 1981 SC 1572 | |AIR !995 SC 387 | ___________________________________________ in POTA. After the induction of new Government in June 2004, then President of India Dr. A.P.J. Abdul Kalam suggested the Parliament in the first session for considering the abolition of death sentence in toto. The death penalty is cruel and barbaric......

Words: 13513 - Pages: 55

Free Essay

Compelx Sentence

...Contents: Contents 1 1. INTRODUCTION 2 2. SENTENCE TYPES 3 3. IDENTIFICATION OF THE COMPLEX SENTENCES 4 4. TYPES OF COMPLEX SENTENCES 6 5. FINITE CLAUSE 7 5.1 Nominal clause 7 5.2 Adjectival clause 11 5.3 Adverbial clause 13 6. NON-FINITE CLAUSE 16 6.1 Gerund 16 6.2 Infinitive 17 6.3 Participles 18 7. Verbless clause 19 8. CONCLUSION 20 REFERENCES 22 COMPLEX SENTENCES 1. INTRODUCTION The study of sentence structure is called syntax, and because there is so little variation in the grammatical structure of English words, a syntactic analysis forms the dominant element in a modern English grammar. The area provides the main point of contrast with traditional grammars, which because of their Latinate origins paid little attention to the syntactic properties of sentences. Syntax takes the central part of language between morphology (shape of words) and semantics (which deals with a meaning of word; what are they meaning), however, syntax is the part of grammar which treats of phrases, clauses and sentences. There are three syntactical units in English language: * Phrase (word); * Clause; * Sentence. A phrase is a syntactic construction which typically contains more than one word, but which lacks the subject-predicate structure usually found in a clause. Phrases can be divided into endocentric- when a phrase can be......

Words: 6052 - Pages: 25

Premium Essay

Sentenc Patterns

...SENTENCE PATTERNS: SAMPLES 1. S--Vi--(Adv.) (Subject--Intransitive Verb--Adverb, usually optional) The man coughed (loudly). The audience laughed. The guest has arrived. The children walked down the street. The waiter hurried away from the door. Note: An intransitive verb is an action verb that does not require a direct object or a complement to complete its meaning. The word "intransitive" literally means "does not carry across." Therefore, the action of the verb does not transfer to an object, that is, a person or thing that receives the action of the verb. Often, adverbs or adverb phrases will appear in these sentences to expand the basic meaning of the verb. Note: Some intransitive verbs can take a direct object in a different sentence. Usually the meaning of the verb changes in a sentence requiring a direct object. Here is an example: He runs every morning. (intransitive verb) He runs a successful business. (transitive verb) SENTENCE PATTERNS: SAMPLES 2. Transitive Verb Patterns (Active Voice) A. S--Vtr--DO (Subject + Transitive Verb + Direct Object) The dog catches the ball. The baby likes bananas. Dogs chase cats. That man teaches English. The scientist performed an experiment. Note: Some verbs require an adverb with this pattern. S--Vtr--DO--Adv. (Subject + Transitive Verb + Direct Object + Adverb) The guard put the key in the door. The police treated the old man politely. B. S--Vtr--IO--DO ...

Words: 987 - Pages: 4

Free Essay

Sentence Outline

...Sentence Outiline Sentence Outline Holly Regan HSM/240 February 6, 2014 Terra Harris Sentence Outline Every service organization must formulate clear and measureable goals and objectives. These goals could be an expression of the mission and vision statement of the organization and should explain what the organization wants to accomplish within a finite timeline. A service organization should formulate its goals and objectives based on the results of a strategic needs assessment and should be shared with other community organizations, school personnel, and social services. Once securing the organizations objectives they have now set a clear path of their overall goals. Goal statements provide a short and concise reason for the organizations purpose, the proposed population to be served, and the services they will provide. The objectives are the breast of determining how they will accomplish the goals they’ve set forth. Cocoon’s House proposed goal is to significantly reduce the number of Snohomish County the homeless and at-risk youth population. The proposed objectives are to increase the number of community-based family and youth resources in Snohomish County, educate and inform the general population as well as law enforcement agencies and the court system about family reconciliation services, youth assessments and response, and promotion of safety and safe environments. The priority outcomes are to have stable housing, permanent connections, education and......

Words: 368 - Pages: 2

Free Essay

Design Pattern

...Design Patterns Elements of Reusable Object-Oriented Software Produced by KevinZhang Design Patterns: Elements of Reusable Object-Oriented Software Contents Preface to CD ........................................................ 5 Preface to Book ...................................................... 7 Foreword ............................................................. 9 Guide to Readers .................................................... 10 1 Introduction ...................................................... 11 1.1 What Is a Design Pattern? ...................................... 12 1.2 Design Patterns in Smalltalk MVC ............................... 14 1.3 Describing Design Patterns ..................................... 16 1.4 The Catalog of Design Patterns ................................. 18 1.5 Organizing the Catalog ......................................... 21 1.6 How Design Patterns Solve Design Problems ...................... 23 1.7 How to Select a Design Pattern ................................. 42 1.8 How to Use a Design Pattern .................................... 44 2 A Case Study: Designing a Document Editor ......................... 46 2.1 Design Problems ................................................ 46 2.2 Document Structure ............................................. 47 2.3 Formatting ..................................................... 53 2.4 Embellishing the User Interface ................................ 56 2.5 Supporting......

Words: 84976 - Pages: 340

Free Essay

Basic

...The Basic Parts The Basic Parts There are just five basic parts in a radio frequency communication system. These are: * Antenna * Amplifier * Filter * Mixer * Source These five parts are then put together to do one of two basic functions: transmit or receive. The name of the resulting device is a radio. The radio also may go by many other names based on marketing considerations or its specific role in the wireless network. A radio is used to send and receive a signal that flows through the air as a series of electromagnetic waves. Radios can take on many different forms. As such, it is not always easy to identify them. When transmitting or receiving, the goal is to produce a perfect sine wave, of the exact size required, at only one frequency. A block diagram of the basic parts looks like the following. For a transmitter: This diagram shows a conceptual layout of a typical transmitter. Included in it are six elements. They are, in order: source, amplifier, source, mixer, filter, high-power amplifier, and antenna. For a transmitter, the signal is generated by the source. The mixer changes the frequency of the signal. The filter removes undesired frequencies. The amplifier increases the signal. The antenna transforms the electrical current into a radio wave. The other amplifier provides the electrical signal. It also feeds into the mixer. For a receiver: This diagram shows a conceptual layout of a typical receiver. Included in it are......

Words: 1404 - Pages: 6

Premium Essay

Pattern

...determined from the analysis. Description of the Research Design and Procedures Used: Completely explain step-by-step what was done. Sources of Data: Give complete information about who, what, when, where, and how the data was collected. Sampling Procedures: Explain how the data was limited to the amount which was gathered. If all of the available data were not utilized, how was a representative sample achieved? Methods and Instruments of Data Gathering: Explain the procedures for obtaining the data collected. Include the forms or manner by which it was recorded. Statistical Treatment: Explain the complete mathematical procedures used in analyzing the data and determining the significance of the results. Analysis of Data: Describe the patterns observed in the data. Use tables and figures to help clarify the material when possible. Summary and Conclusions: This section condenses the previous sections, succinctly presents the results concerning the hypotheses, and suggests what else can be done. Restatement of the Problem: This is a short reiteration of the problem. Description of the Procedures: This is a brief reiteration of important elements of the design of the study. Major Findings: The final results from the analysis are presented, the hypothesis stated, and the decision about the rejection or the failure to reject the hypothesis is given. Conclusions: Comments about the implication of the findings are presented. Recommendations for Further Investigation:......

Words: 653 - Pages: 3

Premium Essay

Sentence

...Complex Sentences Exercise (See related pages) ------------------------------------------------- Top of Form Directions: Determine the independent clause in each sentence. Example | Although too little sleep is an effect of stress, too little sleep can cause stress. | | a. Although too little sleep is an effect of stress | | b. too little sleep can cause stress | | | Explanation | The answer is b. The most important thought the author wants readers to understand is that too little sleep can cause stress. The dependent clause, which is introduced by although, tells readers information the author considers less important, that too little sleep is an effect of stress (that is, people who are stressed may not sleep well). Notice that if you read the dependent clause aloud to someone and stopped there, the listener would expect you to add something more. The dependent clause does not make complete sense by itself. | | | | 1 | | Although we know the benefits of exercise, most of us don't know that a brisk after-dinner stroll can help with digestion. | | | A) | Although we know the benefits of exercise | | | B) | most of us don't know that a brisk after-dinner stroll can help with digestion | | | | | | | | 2 | | People need to be able to share their fears, frustrations, and joys, so it's important for us to develop a network of people we can share our feelings with. | | | A) | People need to be able to share their fears...

Words: 1394 - Pages: 6

Premium Essay

Sentences

...Sentence structure This guide explains how sentences are constructed and how different types of sentences are formed. It shows you how to punctuate each type correctly and how to combine different sentence types for effective written communication. Other useful guides: Using paragraphs, Using the comma. What is a complete sentence? Sentences provide us with the framework for the clear written expression of our ideas. The aim in writing is always to write in complete sentences which are correctly punctuated. Sentences always begin with a capital letter and end in either a full stop, exclamation or question mark. A complete sentence always contains a verb, expresses a complete idea and makes sense standing alone. Andy reads quickly. This is a complete sentence as it contains a verb (reads), expresses a complete idea and it does not need any further information for the reader to understand the sentence. When Andy reads is an incomplete sentence. It contains a verb, but the opening word when tells us that something happens when Andy reads; we need more information to complete the idea. When Andy reads, he reads quickly. This is now a complete sentence, as the whole idea of the sentence has been expressed. The following examples show the incomplete sentences in italics. There is another theory. Which should not be ignored. There is another theory which should not be ignored. The proposal was finally rejected. Although they considered......

Words: 1120 - Pages: 5

Free Essay

Sentence

...useful sentences for academic writing Argue a. Along similar lines, [X] argues that ___. b. There seems to be no compelling reason to argue that ___. c. As a rebuttal to this point, it might be (convincingly) argued that ___. d. There are [three] main arguments that can be advanced to support ___. e. The underlying argument in favor of / against [X] is that ___. f. [X]’s argument in favor of / against [Y] runs as follows: ___. Claim a. In this [paper], I put forward the claim that ___. b. [X] develops the claim that ___. c. There is ample / growing support for the claim that ___. d. [X]’s findings lend support to the claim that ___. e. Taking a middle-ground position, [X] claims that ___. Data  a. The data gathered in the [pilot study] suggests / suggest that ___. b. The data appears / appear to suggest that ___. c. The data yielded by this [study] provides strong / convincing evidence that ___. (yielded = generated) d. A closer look at the data indicates that ___. e. The data generated by [X] is / are reported in [table 1]. f. The aim of this [section] is to generalize beyond the data and ___. In modern usage, data can also be treated as a mass / uncountable noun, like information. Before you submit your work, check whether the institution you’re writing for / on behalf of prefers data + plural verb. Debate  a. [X] has fostered debate on ___. (fostered = encouraged) b. There has been an inconclusive debate about whether ___. c. The question of......

Words: 18316 - Pages: 74

Premium Essay

Writing Sentences and Paragraph

...Study Unit Writing Sentences and Paragraphs Preview Preview In this study unit, you’ll take all the information and skills you’ve acquired so far and use them to practice writing complete, correct sentences and well-organized, coherent paragraphs. You have the tools—the parts of speech; correct spelling, punctuation, and capitalization; and good grammar— to construct and use a variety of sentence types. You’ve studied the uses of modifiers, tone, and form, so you can reach the people you’re addressing. You’ve also learned to write to your audience, whether you’re sending out a basic business letter, convincing a group to accept your recommendations, or presenting a research report. Now we’ll begin to put it all together. By learning how to express yourself in correct sentences and to recognize common errors, your basic communications skills will significantly improve. By learning to focus on your topic, organize your ideas, use transitions, and write an effective conclusion, you’ll write consistently stronger paragraphs, letters, essays, and reports. This, in turn, will increase your professionalism and open doors to future success. When you complete this study unit, you’ll be able to • Compose sentences correctly • Use various sentence structures and types • Recognize and correct fragments and run-on sentences • Construct unified, coherent paragraphs • Connect paragraphs to build a well-organized, logical document ...

Words: 23475 - Pages: 94

Premium Essay

The Sentence

...Running head: THE SENTENCE The Sentence Jose Guerrero Sentencing When criminal cases go before the justice system, it is safe to say that the elements of the crime have been established, that evidence supporting the criminal act has been presented and that the case against the defendant has been proven beyond a reasonable doubt to the jury who witnessed and heard the case as it was being presented. The presentation made before a judge and a jury will have an effect on what type of sentencing the accused might receive. Just like the prosecutor will the defense try to present their case with their own evidence and witnesses hoping to create some doubt in the minds of those hearing the case which includes the judge. In considering the criminal case at hand there would be some relevant information that as a judge I would need to have in order to impose the proper sentence against the defendant. First, I would like to know if the elements of the crime were proven during trial as directed by the penal code. Second, whether the crime itself was a misdemeanor or a felony. How much damage did this defendant caused whether it was monetary or personal damage since it deals with identity theft. Further, if the defendant had the intent to commit the crime and had knowledge of what he was doing at the time that the crime was being committed. Moreover, I would review the defendant’s criminal history to include whether he has been placed on probation or parole for the......

Words: 914 - Pages: 4

Premium Essay

Sentence Fragments

...Fragments are incomplete sentences. The next few examples are not sentences, but word groups that are incomplete sentences (fragments). 1. After Starbucks Coffee opened. Several local coffee shops went out of business. 2. Several young people are learning old-fashioned dances. Such as ballroom dancing for the Nutcracker ballet. 3. The woman always wears pant suits and heels to the office. Then takes off her heels and jacket by noon. 1. After Starbucks Coffee opened. This statement does not follow through and complete the thought by telling what happened after Starbucks opened. Correct the fragment by adding it to the sentence that precedes it. 2. Such as ballroom dancing for the Nutcracker ballet. This word group does not have a subject and a verb, and it does not express a complete thought. 3. Then takes off her heels and jacket by noon. This word group lacks a subject. Correct the fragment by adding the subject she to the beginning of group of words. A word group must contain a subject and a verb for it to be a complete sentence. A complete sentence will also express a complete thought and it either stands alone or could stand alone. This is also known as an independent clause. You can spot a fragment because it will not make sense by itself. A fragment is less than a sentence because it lacks a subject, lacks a verb, and does not express a complete thought. The following material will cover the four most common types of fragments, with examples and......

Words: 817 - Pages: 4