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Basic Sentence Patterns

In: English and Literature

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Basic Sentence Patterns
In this lesson, you will learn the elements of a sentence. There are 5 basic sentence patterns in English. Before we start this lesson (or after class in the lab) go to these 5 websites. Click the buttons on the screen at each site to see sentences with these patterns.
The 5 Basic Patterns
Subject + Verb
I swim. Joe swims. They swam. Subject + Verb + Object
I drive a car. Joe plays the guitar. They ate dinner. Subject + Verb + Complement
I am busy. Joe became a doctor. They look sick. Subject + Verb + Indirect Object + Direct Object
I gave her a gift. She teaches us English.
The last pattern is for level 5 and grammar, and you will not see it in your level 4 classes, but you can look at it now if you want.
Subject + Verb + Object + Complement
I left the door open. We elected him president. They named her Jane.

Inversion is achieved by doing the following: * Placing an adjective after the noun it qualifies e.g. the soldier strong * Placing a verb before its subject e.g. shouts the policeman * Placing a noun before its preposition e.g. worlds between
In the English language, there are inversions that are part of its grammar structure and are quite common in their use. For instance, inversion always occurs in interrogative statements where verbs or auxiliaries or helping verbs are placed before their subjects. Similarly, inversion happens in typical exclamatory sentences where objects are placed before their verbs and subjects and preceded by a wh- word, such as the following examples of inversion: * What a beautiful picture it is! * Where in the world were you! * How…...

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